accounting equation

accounting equation
балансовое уравнение

равенство актива и пассива, актива, с одной стороны, и источников собственных и привлеченных средств - с другой. Существуют две основные формы записи этого уравнения: (1) активы = привлеченные средства + собственный капитал (assets = liabilities + owner's equity) и (2) собственный капитал = активы - привлеченные средства (owner's equity = assets - liabilities). Первая форма представляет собой взгляд хозяйственника (entity view) на предприятие (т. е. активы финансируются за счет собственных и привлеченных средств), а вторая - взгляд собственника (proprietary view), когда доля владельца определяется как превышение активов над задолженностью. Также balance sheet equation

Специализированный англо-русский словарь бухгалтерских терминов. .

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  • accounting equation — ➔ equation …   Financial and business terms

  • Accounting equation — Accountancy Key concepts Accountant · Accounting period · Bookkeeping · Cash and accrual basis · Cash flow management · Chart of accounts  …   Wikipedia

  • Accounting Equation — The equation that is the foundation of double entry accounting. The accounting equation displays that all assets are either financed by borrowing money or paying with the money of the company’s shareholders. Thus, the accounting equation is …   Investment dictionary

  • accounting equation — balance sheet equation The formula underlying a balance sheet; it can be expressed as: assets = liabilities + capital. An increase or decrease in the total assets of a concern must be accompanied by an equal increase or decrease in the… …   Accounting dictionary

  • accounting equation — noun 1. : the equality of debits and credits as used in the double entry system 2. : a statement of net worth as equal to assets minus liabilities …   Useful english dictionary

  • accounting equation, the — *Assets = liabilities + *capital. Under the conventions of *double entry bookkeeping, each accounting transaction has at least one *debit entry and at least one *credit entry of equal value. At any moment, the mathematical integrity of… …   Auditor's dictionary

  • the accounting equation — UK US noun [S] (also the balance sheet equation) ACCOUNTING ► a mathematical statement showing that to calculate a company owners equity you subtract its liabilities from its assets …   Financial and business terms

  • equation — e‧qua‧tion [ɪˈkweɪʒn] noun [countable] a statement in mathematics, showing that two quantities are equal acˈcounting eˌquation one of the relationships between assets and liabilities used in accounting: • The accounting equation here is: assets… …   Financial and business terms

  • Accounting identity — In finance and economics, an accounting identity is an equality that must be true regardless of the value of its variables, or a statement that by definition (or construction) must be true. [ Principles of Macroeconomics , Mankiw et al., pp. 211… …   Wikipedia

  • accounting — /euh kown ting/, n. 1. the theory and system of setting up, maintaining, and auditing the books of a firm; art of analyzing the financial position and operating results of a business house from a study of its sales, purchases, overhead, etc.… …   Universalium

  • equation — /ɪ kweɪʒ(ə)n/ noun a set of mathematical rules applied to solve a problem ● The basic accounting equation is that assets equal liabilities plus equity …   Dictionary of banking and finance